Kristen Jacklin, PH D.
|Northern Ontario School of Medicine
Laurentian University Campus
935 Ramsey Lake Road
Sudbury, On P3E 2C6
|Associate Professor, Medical Anthropology, Northern Ontario School of Medicine
Faculty, School of Rural and Northern Health, Laurentian University
Faculty Investigator, Centre for Rural and Northern Health Research, Laurentian University
|Ph.D.; Medical Anthropology, Department of Anthropology
McMaster University (Hamilton, ON)
|M.A.; Medical Anthropology, Department of Anthropology
McMaster University (Hamilton, ON)
|Hons. B.A. Anthropology and International Studies
University of Waterloo (Waterloo, ON)
Kristen Jacklin joined the Northern Ontario School of Medicine (NOSM) in 2005 as part of its founding faculty. She was trained as a medical anthropologist with a focus on Indigenous health at McMaster University. Dr. Jacklin brings a social science and health equity perspective to her teaching and research. Her teaching portfolio includes significant contributions to the development and delivery of the socio-cultural and Aboriginal health content for undergraduate medical students. She has previously served as Chair of the Northern and Rural Health Course Curriculum Committee at NOSM is currently a member of the committee. Dr. Jacklin has been involved in national initiatives to develop core competencies in the area of Aboriginal health in medical education.
Dr. Jacklin is committed to research that is participatory and action-oriented. She leads and collaborates on several research projects which aim to improve chronic disease care and outcomes for Indigenous peoples in Canada including investigations on age-related dementias and national and community-based projects on culturally safe diabetes care. She is one of the principal investigators on the CIHR funded Canadian Consortium on Neurodegeneration in Aging and co-leads the team concerned with Indigenous dementia care. Dr. Jacklin is also a Faculty Investigator with the Centre for Rural and Northern Health research where she contributes to their MOHLTC funded work concerning the unique health care needs of communities in Northern Ontario.
Specific areas of expertise include:
Selection of Current Research
The Canadian Consortium on Neurodegeneration in Aging (CCNA) (Principal Applicant, 2014-2019): The CCNA is led by Dr. Howard Chertkow, McGill University in conjunction with 37 Principal Applicants and +300 Collaborators. Dr. Jacklin is the Co-Lead of Team 20: Issues in Dementia Care for Rural and Indigenous populations: Indigenous Projects along with Dr. Carrie Bourassa (Health Sciences North Research Institute) and Dr. Debra Morgan (University of Saskatchewan). Team 20 investigators and leads have various research programs addressing quality of life and dementia care needs in Indigenous populations. CCNA Team 20 Program of Research Overview https://vimeo.com/139010506.
Unlocking health information for older First Nations populations (Principal Investigator, 2015-2018): This project is led by CCNA and CRaNHR Investigator Dr. Jennifer Walker and has been funded through the CIHR Transitional Operating Grants. This project includes investigators from universities, the Chiefs of Ontario and The Institute of Clinical and Evaluative Sciences (ICES). This project will result in the first population-level profile of the wellbeing of First Nations seniors in Ontario and their health care experiences. Our dual aim is 1) to assess gaps and limitations of existing data sources as they apply to older populations and 2) to enable First Nations people to describe their experiences with aging using existing data sources. Specifically, our objectives will assess and quantify the opportunities and limitations in the use of existing data to understand the wellbeing of older First Nations populations in Ontario; refine a First Nations approach to measuring “vitality” or “thriving” for older First Nations people in Ontario; describe the patterns and outcomes of vitality/thriving in the adult First Nations population in Ontario by selected demographic and social characteristics, using the First Nations Regional Health Survey (FNRHS) (on-reserve) and the administrative health data available at ICES (on and off-reserve).
Reducing the burden of diabetes on First Nations people in Ontario: using population level data to inform policy and practice. (Principal Investigator, 2015-2017): This project is led by Dr. Michael Green, Queen’s University in partnership with the Chiefs of Ontario. We are funded by the Ontario SPOR Support Unit (OSSU) IMPACT Awards. In close partnership with the Chiefs of Ontario, this study is designed to examine the health care experiences of First Nations people with diabetes in Ontario. We will describe in detail changes in the rates of diabetes and its complications over the past 20 years, how access to healthcare for First Nations people compares to other Ontarians, and how particular policies have impacted either health outcomes or access to care for First Nations people with diabetes. By working closely with patients and key stakeholders from federal, provincial and First Nations organizations, we will identify and evaluate key policy changes that are important and where data is needed to improve decision making.
Rural/Remote Indigenous Technology Needs Exploration (Principal Investigator, 2015-2018). This project is lead by Dr. Megan O’Connell at the University of Saskatchewan and is funded by AGE-WELL National Centre of Excellence. Dr. Jacklin and Dr. Wayne Warry lead the investigations in Ontario. The research in Ontario is comprised of two phases. Phase 1 will look at technology use and needs of older Indigenous adults. Phase 2 will explore how technologies may need to be adapted to improve cultural relevance.
Developing Educational Materials for Community Based Dementia Care (Principal Investigator, 2014-2017). This project is funded by Health Canada to address the need for culturally relevant health promotion materials and training concerning dementia for First Nations (with Dr. Wayne Warry, CRaNHR).
Improving Health Equity for Northern Ontarians: Applied Health Research with Vulnerable Populations (co-investigator): Centre for Rural and Northern Health Research. (2013-2016) Dr. Jacklin leads a program of research called The Best of Both Worlds. The Best of Both Worlds is a three year, multiphase project that seeks to create a culturally safe care model that will improve the quality of care for Aboriginal patients with complex co-morbid chronic illness. Working in partnership with The Wikwemikong Health Centre, The Best of Both Worlds project will develop, implement, and evaluate a cultural safety training module for all health service workers who provide care to individuals from Wikwemikong. (NPI Dr. Wayne Warry, CRaNHR)
International Indigenous Dementia Research Network (IIDRN): In 2009, I founded and continue to lead the International Indigenous Dementia Research Network. This network connects academic researchers, graduate students, new investigators, community members, and policy workers interested in the study of dementia in Indigenous populations from Canada, New Zealand, Australia and the United States. The network facilitates research collaborations and sharing of knowledge between researchers, policy makers and community-based workers. Most communication among network members occurs on a secure web-based platform. Our website for the network is currently in transition (to be completed in early 2016), individuals sharing this research interest may request to join the network by contacting Dr. Kristen Jacklin.
Educating for Equity: Exploring how health professional education can reduce disparities in chronic disease care and improve outcomes for Indigenous populations (role co-PI): This is a multi-national initiative aimed at improving health outcomes for Aboriginal peoples through improved approaches to medical and health education. The Canadian team will seek to research, design, deliver and evaluate a medical educational approach for practicing physicians (CME) that seeks to enhance physician’s understandings of cultural and structural issues affecting the provision of appropriate diabetes care for Aboriginal peoples in Canada. (2010-2016)
Jacklin, K., Pace J.E., & Warry, W (2015) Informal Dementia Caregiving among Indigenous Communities in Ontario, Canada. Care Management Journals 16(2):106-120.
Jacklin, K., Strasser, R. and Peltier, I. (2014) From the Community to the Classroom: The Undergraduate Aboriginal Health Curriculum at the Northern Ontario School of Medicine. The Canadian Journal of Rural Medicine 19(4), 143-150.
Jacklin, K., J. Walker and M. Shawande. (2013) The emergence of Alzheimer’s disease and dementia as a health concern among First Nations populations in Canada. The Canadian Journal of Public Health 104(1):e39-e44.
Jacklin K., and W. Warry (2012) Forgetting and Forgotten: Dementia in Aboriginal Seniors. Anthropology and Aging Quarterly 33(1):13
Jacklin, Kristen and Wayne Warry (2011) Chapter 18: Decolonizing First Nations Health. In Rural Health: A Canadian Perspective. Judith C. Kulig & Allison Williams Editors. University of British Columbia Press.
Jacklin, Kristen (2009) Diversity Within: Deconstructing Aboriginal Health. Social Science and Medicine Volume 68, Issue 5, Pages 980-989
Minore, Bruce; Jacklin, Kristen; Boone, Margaret; Cromarty, Helen. (2009) Realistic expectations; The changing role of paraprofessional health workers in First Nation communities in Canada’. Education for Health. 22(2):1-9.
Jacklin, Kristen and Phyllis Kinoshameg (2008). Developing a Participatory Aboriginal Health Research Project: “Only if it’s going to mean something.” Journal of Empirical Research of Human Research Ethics 3(2):53-68.
Lightfoot, N., Strasser, R., Maar, M. and Jacklin, K. (2008). Challenges and rewards of conducting research with northern, rural, and remote communities. Annals of Epidemiology 18: 507-514.
Farmer, T and Jacklin, K (2007). Matching Research With Evidence: Reorienting Aboriginal Tuberculosis Research in Canada. In Multiplying and Dividing: Tuberculosis in Canada and Aotearoa New Zealand. RAL-e (Research in Anthropology and Linguistics), University of Auckland, Department of Anthropology’s, refereed monograph series. Chapter 6 page 38, June 2008.
Jacklin, K. (2007) Medical Anthropology. The Canadian Encyclopedia. Historica Foundation of Canada, (Invited Submission).
Jacklin, Kristen and Wayne Warry (2004).The Indian Health Transfer Policy: Toward Cost Containment or Self-Determination? In Unhealthy Health Policy: A Critical Anthropological Examination, edited by Merrill Singer and Arachu Castro. Walnut Creek, CA: Altamira Press.
Selected Technical Reports and Community Publications
Jacklin, K. and Warry W. (2015) Developing First Nations Dementia Factsheet Material: Methodology Report. For Health Canada, First Nations and Inuit Health, Home and Community Care Program, Health Funding Contribution Agreement HQ150013.
Kristen Jacklin, W. Warry and Melissa Blind (February 2014) Perceptions of Alzheimer’s Disease and Related Dementias in Aboriginal Peoples in Ontario: Sudbury Community Report (64 pages). Submitted to: Sudbury-Manitoulin Alzheimer’s Society; N’Swakamok Indian Friendship Centre.
Kristen Jacklin, W. Warry and Melissa Blind (January 2014) Perceptions of Alzheimer’s Disease and Related Dementias in Aboriginal Peoples in Ontario: Six Nations Community Report (57 pages). Submitted to: Six Nations Health Services.
Kristen Jacklin, W. Warry and Melissa Blind (November 2013) Perceptions of Alzheimer’s Disease and Related Dementias in Aboriginal Peoples in Ontario: Moose Cree First Nation Community Report (58 pages). Submitted to: Moose Cree First Nations Health Services
Kristen Jacklin, W. Warry and Devin Dietrich (October 2013) Perceptions of Alzheimer’s Disease and Related Dementias in Aboriginal Peoples in Ontario: Thunder Bay Community Report (51 pages). Submitted to: Thunder Bay Indian Friendship Centre and Anishinaabe Mushkiki Health Centre.
Kristen Jacklin and Jennifer Walker. (2012) Trends in Alzheimer’s Disease and related dementias among First Nations and Inuit. Prepared for Health Canada, First Nations and Inuit Health, Home and Community Care Program (70 pages).
Kristen Jacklin (2012) International Indigenous Dementia Research Network Meeting Report. Ancillary Meeting of the Alzheimer’s Association International Conference July 16, 2012.
Warry, W. and K. Jacklin 2005. Aboriginal Relationship Development and Training Manual for the Aboriginal Unit, Cancer Care Ontario
Selected Media Coverage